What is with all these types of wines?

What is with all these types of wines?

At Wine Silo we want to get rid of pain. The pain felt from an unpleasant experience. An experience which is so deeply rooted in our society. When done right it can earn affection, praise, and admiration. If not, then it is the fuel for horror filled nightmares. The question that causes this, which wine to order at the restaurant? If you like many have no idea how to answer that, then follow this quick guide to impress that special someone or the waiter if you eat alone at restaurants next time you are there.

Now, if you are looking at wines for the first time or even if you are coming back to refresh your wine knowledge. I have below the holy grail of wine list. If you can read through this and remember, then next time you order wine you can be at ease knowing that you will get exactly what your ever-demanding taste buds desire.




This is the most popular of the red type. Its grapes are the most widely planted red-wine grapes in Australia. It is known for plush, rich, and plummy flavours. It grows in cooler regions.


Gamay is the up and coming artist in Australia so keep an eye out for it. It is juicy, medium bodied, and filled with cherries and spices. Like Pinot Noir but a lot healthier for your wallet.


Grenache has the red wine crown of South Australia. It is known for spicy, candy like red berry flavours, strong ripe and alcoholic taste. However, a new generation of growers are starting to go easy on Grenache and our taste buds by making a softer, brighter style.

Cabernet Sauvignon

This gets the award for world’s most planted wine grape. The taste resembles a complex fruit flavour and dry wine when vinified correctly. It has a heavy red and black fruit taste with a noticeable tannic content.


Merlot can be called the most balanced red wine. As it sits right in the middle of the red wine spectrum meaning that it has medium levels of tannin, acidity, and alcohol. Its flavours resemble red fruit such as cherry, plum and raspberry. It can be referred to as having a rich, velvety, and beautiful balance of red wine flavours. 

Pinot Noir

Pinot Noir is beloved in Australia for its perfume and red fruit flavours such as cherry and strawberry. Usually, it is lighter and easy going than Shiraz or Cabernet Sauvignon making it perfect for pairing with a variety of foods.




This is the world’s most popular white wine. It earns that title as the green-skinned grapes used to make this are very easy and versatile to grow. A typical Chardonnay taste resembles dry, medium to full bodied, light, elegant and buttery wine which is mildly acidic and alcoholic. Due to the flexibility that farmers have with growing the grapes in different regions and climates the taste has an artistic reflection of its maker and changes between different hands.

Sauvignon Blanc

Created in the legendary regions of Bordeaux and Loire Valley in France gives Sauvignon Blanc a unique taste unlike other wines. Its characteristic taste resembles lime to peachy fruity flavours with medium acidity and dry taste.


Created in many parts of the world including down under. Semillon is loved for its full body feel resembling Sauvignon Blanc in taste profile with flavours ranging from lemon to papaya depending on which climate range it comes from.


Riesling is an incredibly aromatic high acidity wine with a variety of fruit aromas. Some of them are orchard fruits such as apricot, apple, pear and it also has hints of honeycomb, jasmine or lime.

Pinot Gris / Pinot Grigio

Pinot Gris / Pinot Grigio are the same grape variety with just different names due to its origin in Italy and France. Pinot Gris (Italy) has a more full-bodied, richer, spicier and more viscous texture. Pinot Grigio (France) are lighter-bodied, crisp, fresh with fruit and floral aromas with a hint of spice.



Rosé is the upcoming king, quickly gaining popularity in today’s world despite being one of the oldest wines made. Now Rosé can be made from any wine using three different methods.

  • Maceration Method: Red wine grapes are left to rest just long enough until the desired colour is achieved.
  • Saignee Method: During the initial making of red wine. Some of the juice is put away in a new vat to make Rosé.
  • Blending Method: This is when a little bit usually 5% of red wine is mixed into white wine to make Rosé.

Because Rosé is made from different types of wine. Its flavour varies based on what wine is used initially. Typically, it has the flavour profile of light red wine but with crisper and brighter taste. Frequent flavours are strawberry, cherry, flowers, citrus, melon, celery, etc.

Finally, there are two types of Rosé:

  • Sweet Rosé which pairs well with savoury food and has high sugar content.
  • Dry Rosé which has low sugar content but high tannis resulting in its dryness and bitterness.



Everyone loves bubbles. To achieve bubbles in wine we need to look at the most technical method of wine making which undergoes two fermentation, one to make wine and second to make those delicious bubbles. Since all wines can be made sparkling their taste varies as much as all the wines in the world. However, there are a few key flavour combinations mentioned below for you to look out for.

  • Dry, Lean & Zesty
  • Light, Dry, Fruity & Floral
  • Sweet & Perfumed
  • Rich, Creamy & Nutty



Dessert wine has a rich history in Australia in fact one time they were the only type of wine being made in the country. You can still find plenty of sellers to fill your dessert wine desires. Thing to note is that as their sweetness increases their alcoholic content as well and are aged longer. Similarly, the drier it is the less sweet and alcoholic it is.



Fortified wines are made by adding grape brandy to a wine during or after fermentation depending on if the wine needs to be sweet or dry, respectively. It also has high alcoholic content just FYI.


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